In the region
Istria is a wonderful world in miniature; it is the largest peninsula of the Adriatic, lies below the Alps, and is encircled by the Adriatic sea. Looking at the geographic map of Croatia you will find Istria immediately. It is based in the western-most part of the country, encircled by the sea, and it has the shape of a heart. The small islands and cultivated fields that stretch to the sea and a beautiful sunset, where the sun seems to melt into the sea, will stir the passions and will help you to discover new emotions. The eastern part of the peninsula is made of limestone. Its coast is full of rocks and high, nearly inaccessible, cliffs which will astonish you, and from the tops of which you will see the yellow and gilded sun that illuminates the landscape and the sea in a crystalline colour. In the spring and summer the landscape is covered in intense green, and in the autumn it is transformed magically into the colours of yellow and red that make the hills appear as if on fire. After you have tasted the oil of the olive and the truffle, you cannot but enjoy these simple foods for their intense flavour. Istria is a land rich with millennium history. Here were once settled Histrians, Romans, Goths, Byzantines, Lombardies, and and in more recent ages also Venetians, the Napoleonic army and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. All of them have left indelible traces that have influenced not only the architecture but, above all, the culture of this world which always has been multiethnic and tolerant. Even today it is a land with many cultures and ethnic races, all living peacefully together.
Popular historical and natural attractions of Istria to visit are: the Eufrasian Basilica in Porec, from the sixth century, which in 1997 has been inscribed by UNESCO on the World Heritage List; the national park of Brijuni (Brioni) which consists of 14 islands and over the centuries has been a very popular holiday resort. The remains of some roman villas testify to the fact that many personalities from the XX century have chosen Brijuni for their vacation. The best known among these is surely the former President of Yugoslavia, Marshall Josip Broz Tito. The ancient city of Pula, today the economic centre of Istria, fascinates above all for its roman remains, still very well conserved, like the imposing amphitheatre, the beautiful August temple and many others. Fans of good food will find in Istria many restaurants and taverns, where tasteful local and regional specialties are served. Furthermore the region is known for its excellent wines, whose secret is jealously guarded in Istrian wine cellars. An, often recommended, wine from among many is Istrian Malvazia, a typical white wine from the region.
Young people who love the sun, the sea and entertainment, will surely not be disappointed, as all this is offered in the numerous tourist villages and in the holiday centres of Istria.
Although Istria is one of the well known Mediterranean regions for holidays, its inland areas are yet to be discovered. We are referring to "green Istria", with its green hills and small hilltop villages, the white cliffs, the forests, the limestone hollows, the small churches and the old medieval castles covered with ivy.
Thewestern regionof the Republicof Croatia,the largest peninsulain the Adriatic
Numberof inhabitants: 206 344
Along thecoast and on theislands,a Mediterraneanclimateprevails. Inland,the climate iscontinental.
Thelowestsea temperatureisin March andis between9.3°Cand 11.1°C.Itis thewarmestseain Augustwith temperatures between23.3°Cand 24.1°C.The salinity ofthesea is36-38‰.
Istriais the largest greenoasis ofthe NorthAdriatic.Along thecoastsand islandsare foundpredominantlypineforests andthetypical greenmacchia. The mainspeciesofmacchiaareholm oakandArbutusunedo(strawberry tree), 35% of thearea ofIstriaiscovered with forests.
Civic center: Pazin(9227 inhabitants)
Economiccenter: Pula(58 594 inhabitants)
The distance to someEuropeancities:
PULA -3,000year old citywith numerouscultural and historicalmonuments.The most famousmonument is theamphitheaterofthe Roman Empire, istodayas a stagefor cultural eventsand concerts.
ROVINJ-Mediterranean flair inpicturesquealleyswithart galleries, cafes andrestaurants.
POREC-ancientRoman citywithunder UNESCO protectionfallingEuphrasiusBasilicafrom the 6th century.
MOTOVUN -mediaevaltown whereyearly(end of July) a film festivaltakes place.
HUM-the smallest townin the world tolive onlythreefamilies.
Brijuni- NationalPark, sites andrelicsfrom the Roman andByzantine times, the formersummerresidenceof PresidentTito.
VODNJAN- ChurchSv.Blaza-the largestparish churchin Istriawith ancientmummies.
CAPEKAMENJAK-Naturalparadisefor hikers,diversswimmers, cyclistsand anglers.
In the tourist offer of Istria, sports receive special attention. In the tourist resorts many sports centers were set up, where playing fields and sports gear for more than 30 sports are available to guests. From tennis, volleyball, basketball, soccer, bowling, mini golf, biking to sailing, surfing, canoeing, etc.